Stone Class

QUARTZ

Often called the “granite that looks like marble,” its durability and performance can range from that of a marble to granite, depending on the mineral content. Typically performs like granite but in some cases, its composition can allow it to scratch, stain, or etch.

Overview: Quartzite, which is predominantly silica, is a hard non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally sandstone. Sandstone is converted into quartzite through heating and pressure related to tectonic compression. Its siliceous nature makes it a perfect choice for kitchen countertops because, chemically, it has a very high resistance to anything acidic.

Appearance: Pure quartzite is usually white to gray, though quartzite often occurs in various shades of pink and red due to varying amounts of iron oxide (Fe2O3). Other colours, such as yellow and orange, are due to other mineral impurities.

Beneficial Features: Quartzite is a decorative stone which is used for kitchen countertops, to cover walls, as roofing tiles, in flooring, and for stair steps. Quartzite is extremely popular due to its marble-like appearance and granite-like properties, which make it an ideal choice to be used in kitchens. The hardness of quartzite makes it extremely resistant to water absorption, heat, & scratches.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Use a stone sealant for an additional layer of protection. There are instances when a particular block of a quartzite can have traces of calcium carbonate, which can be a cause of localized etching if that particular section comes in contact with anything acidic.
  • Quartzite, even in this situation, will give you more time to clean up before it starts to etch.
MARBLE

Prized for its unparalleled aesthetic beauty—to the point that many overlook its ability to scratch, stain, and etch. However, by simply using cutting boards and proper sealant, scratching and staining issues can be prevented, and etching is more of a reality.

Marble comes in a wide variety of colors and with different veining and sizes.

Natural marble is very hard, making it a versatile choice. Even so, owners must be sure to protect marble from water, spills, and stains.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Clean up any water or spills on marble as quickly as possible and consider adding a sealant. Do not use marble in high traffic areas of the home where dirt, sand or other particles may grind into the marble, which can permanently damage or mark the stone.
  • Never leave a chemical, citric, or acidic item or substance on your marble.
  • Clean marble with a clean, slightly damp cloth and then dry with a soft towel. Avoid bleach, acidic cleaners, or any abrasive household cleaners on marble, as etching and dullness may occur.
GRANITE

Natural stone products are becoming the preferred choice for kitchen and bathroom countertops–and granite countertops are the most popular. Granite offers a one-of-a-kind elegance found only in nature. Its durability is unsurpassed by any man-made material, and its non-porous surface makes maintenance a breeze.

Compared to other stone products (marble, soapstone, or slate) granite offers a much wider selection thanks to its natural variations. The unique beauty of granite countertops is the perfect complement to any décor.
Granite is also the most budget-friendly stone product you can choose. Available in any size or shape, and in varying thicknesses, there is sure to be a product to suit your budget.

Granite is still the most popular choice for natural stone users, due to its durability and resistance to scratching, staining, and etching. Granite can take a higher heat than other natural stone, but still requires a sealant because there are varying levels of absorbency.

There are many different types of minerals in granite, some of which appear like small, shiny flecks or longer veins of varying colors. Granite itself comes in many different natural colors and can be polished or finished in many different ways. The stone is naturally durable and water resistant with antibacterial and stain-proof characteristics. Granite is also scratch and heat resistant.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Use of a granite sealant for an additional layer of protection is recommended. Clean with a clean, damp cloth and use a small amount of soapy water for heavy residue or debris. Avoid ammonia, bleach, or any cleaning products with solvents or caustics, as this will remove the sealant.
QUARTZITE

Often called the “granite that looks like marble,” its durability and performance can range from that of a marble to granite, depending on the mineral content. Typically performs like granite but in some cases its composition can allow it to scratch, stain, or etch.

Quartzite, which is predominantly silica, is a hard non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally sandstone. Sandstone is converted into quartzite through heating and pressure related to tectonic compression. It’s siliceous nature makes it a perfect choice for kitchen countertops because, chemically, it has a very high resistance to anything acidic.

Pure quartzite is usually white to gray, though quartzite often occurs in various shades of pink and red due to varying amounts of iron oxide (Fe2O3). Other colors, such as yellow and orange, are due to other mineral impurities.
Beneficial Features: Quartzite is a decorative stone which is used for kitchen countertops, to cover walls, as roofing tiles, in flooring, and for stair steps. Quartzite is extremely popular due to its marble-like appearance and granite-like properties, which make it an ideal choice to be used in kitchens. Hardness of quartzite makes it extremely resistant to water absorption, heat, & scratches.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Use a stone sealant for an additional layer of protection. There are instances when a particular block of a quartzite can have traces of calcium carbonate, which can be a cause of localized etching if that particular section comes in contact with anything acidic. Quartzite, even in this situation, will give you more time to clean up before it starts to etch.
ONYX

Considered one of the most rare and beautiful materials in nature, due to its translucency, ability to be back-lit, and sleek, modern look. Onyx is typically used in decorative applications, as it is the most vulnerable to chemical and mechanical incidents, and may scratch, stain, and etch more easily.

Onyx is created in caves from stalactite and stalagmite drippings, which form this striking stone. Because of its unique formation, Onyx generally comes in swirling, colorful patterns.

SOAPSTONE

This is a very traditional look, often seen in the northeast and New England. Soapstone contains a high amount of talc, and is therefore softer and can scratch more easily. The material is non-porous and etch-resistant, and can handle the highest amount of heat of all other natural stone. It is primarily characterized by a soapy sensation when touched, soapstone has high talc content.

The color of soapstone ranges greatly depending upon the type of soapstone used. Over time, natural soapstone develops a natural patina. The material is stain-, chemical-, and water-resistant but scratches easily.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

Clean with water.

TRAVERTINE

Travertine performs very much like a limestone, is slightly more absorbent, and may scratch or etch. Most come with an epoxy resin to fill the naturally-occurring holes created during its formation near hot and cold springs.

Travertine is common for both exterior and interior purposes. Most natural travertine is dark, ranging from ecru to dark red, with a variety of vein colors.

Natural travertine is softer than marble or granite and should be sealed.

CARE INSTRUCTIONS

  • Wipe down travertine regularly with a clean, damp cloth and then dry with a towel.
    Avoid abrasive bleach or caustic cleaners as these can stain, etch, or dull the appearance of the stone.
SENSA

Sensa is a granite surface by Cosentino, a high-quality surface that offers such reliable performance that it comes with a 15-year certified guarantee.

We travelled all the way to Brazil and India to find the most beautiful stone that Nature can create. This stone was chosen following strict criteria of aesthetic excellence that resulted in unique, elegant surfaces with an exotic, yet subtle, touch. Unique. The adjective is well-chosen.

Every Sensa slab is different from the rest because each surface has exceptional veining that is found in no other.

A product idea for demanding customers who require a material that is resistant to scratches and stains and that offers outstanding performance over time.
(sensagranite.com)

GREENGUARD CERTIFIED
All of our products are GREENGUARD certified!

“GREENGUARD Certification standards have established performance-based standards to define products and processes with low chemical and particle emissions for use indoors. The standards are primarily for building materials, finishes, interior furnishings, furniture, cleaning products and electronic equipment. The standards establish certification procedures including test methods, allowable emission levels, product sample collection and handling, testing type and frequency as well as program application processes, toxicity limits and acceptance.”

 

GREENGUARD CERTIFIED

Please visit our showroom for colour selection.
*most information from Marble and Granite, Inc.